Results of the National Book Award in the year 1970.
A novel about class, race, and the horrific, glassy sparkle of urban life, them chronicles the lives of the Wendalls, a family on the steep edge of poverty in the windy, riotous Detroit slums. Loretta, beautiful and dreamy and full of regret by age sixteen, and her two children, Maureen and Jules, make up Oates’ vision of the American family—broken, marginal, and romantically proud. The novel’s title, pointedly uncapitalized, refers to those Americans who inhabit the outskirts of society—men and women, mothers and children—whose lives many authors in the 1960s had left unexamined. Alfred Kazin called her subject “the sheer rich chaos of American life.” The Nation wrote, “When Miss Oates’ potent, life-gripping imagination and her skill at narrative are conjoined, as they are preeminently in them, she is a prodigious writer.”